FInal year project resources

Some useful links  for final year project students

Before you start your project

Defining Interesting Research Problems  Steven M. Shugan, Marketing Science, Vol. 22,No. 1,W inter 2003 pp. 1?15 bullet

Musings on relevance and rigor of scholarly research in marketing, PR Varadarajan - Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 2003 Volume 31, No. 4, pages 368-376. bullet

Rigor and Practical Usefulness of Research in Strategic Management. By: Shrivastava, Paul. Strategic Management Journal, Jan/Feb87, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p77-92, 16p

A Framework for Conceptual Contributions in Marketing Deborah J. MacInnis Journal of Marketing Jul 2011, Vol. 75, No. 4: 136–154.

Sophistication in Research in Marketing Donald R. Lehmann, Leigh McAlister, Richard Staelin Journal of Marketing Jul 2011, Vol. 75, No. 4: 155–165.

On Managerial Relevance Bernard J. Jaworski Journal of Marketing Jul 2011, Vol. 75, No. 4: 211–224.

Guidelines for Conducting Research and Publishing in Marketing: From Conceptualization Through the Review Process.   By: Summers, John O.. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Fall2001, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p405-415,

 Constructing opportunities for contribution: Structuring intertextual coherence and "problematizing" in organizational studies, Locke, K. & Golden-Biddle, K., 1997, Academy of Management Journal, 40 (5) 1023-1062.

"Theory Building" Dubin, 1978, Free Press

 "Organizational Theories: Some Criteria for Evaluation," Bacharach, S. B., 1989, Academy of Management Review, 14 (4), 496-515.

 What Theory is Not, Sutton, R. I. & Staw, B. M.,  Administrative Science Quarterly, 40 371-384, 1995.

"What Constitutes a Theoretical Contribution?" Whetten, D. A. 1989,   Academy of Management Review , 14 (4), 490-495 bullet 

 "Making contexts matter: Selecting research contexts for theoretical insights," Price, L., Arnould, E., Moisio, R. 2006,in: Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods in Marketing, ed, R. Belk, 106-125

Multiparadigm perspectives on theory building -   DA Gioia, E Pitre - The Academy of Management Review, 1990


Getting started and narrowing your topic

bulletGetting started Andrews University
General advice, University of Richmond
Brainstorming techniques, University of North Carolina
General help on idea generation , Purdue OWL
Clustering, University of Richmond
Brainstorming a project topic University of  Texas
Thought-starters - Asking the right questions Purdue University
Brainstorming, narrowing your topic University of. Richmond 
Cubing (how to get a topic when you have nothing to say) University of Richmond 
Tips for Starting and Completing Research Projects by Paul Hutchinson
Facet Theory: Its Development and Current Status. Guttman, Ruth  Greenbaum, Charles W. European Psychologist. 3(1):13-36, March 1998 {to access click on  "Journals from Ovid"} (a systematic approach to facilitating theory construction, research design, and data analysis for complex studies)

Focusing your topic

bulletMapping Washington College
Developing a topic University of Wisconsin
Developing your thesis: some questions to help you narrow your topic, Texas A&M
"The Choice of the Problem," Webb, W.  in Dunnette, M.D. (ed.) Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Rand McNally College Publishing, Chicago, 1976, pp. 56-61.
Hypothesis Creation in Organizational Behavior Research. Lundberg, C. C, 1992.  Handbook of Industrial Organizational Psychology, Dunnette and Hough (Eds.), , 35-42 bullet

Research Proposals

Writing research proposals, Paul Wong bullet

Writing Research Proposals: A Guide, by Donald E. Thackrey, University of Michigan bullet

Writing a Research Proposal. By: Baker, Michael J.. Marketing Review, Autumn2000, (Athens password)


Dissertation Schedule

Use dissertation calculator


Library and Internet Searches

Three basic principles for using sources Harvard University (right click "save as" zipped files)
Primary vs. secondary sources Purdue
Why use sources? Colorado State University

Seven Steps to Effective Library Research, Cornell Library

Finding Information on the Internet: a tutorial, Berkeley

Web search strategies Debbie Flanagan

Research and the Internet, powerpoint presentation

How to Critically Analyze Information Sources -Cornell

The Good, The Bad & The Ugly: Or, Why It's a Good Idea to Evaluate Web Sources.  New Mexico State University,

Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals, Cornell University.

Start first reading articles journal that are rated  high (A or  4) from this list

How to critically analyze information sources, Ormondroyd, J., Engle, M., and Cosgrave, T.

Reading and Understanding Research. Lawrence F Locke, Waneen Wyrick Spirduso & Stephen J Silverman.1998.  Sage,  pp.146-219

Evaluation of Information Sources  an extensive list of links

Evaluating Web Pages: How and Why., Berkeley

Taking Notes from Research Reading, University of Toronto

Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing, Purdue University


bulletIntroductions, University of North Carolina
Writing introductions, Texas A&M


bulletWriting abstracts  Texas A&M


Literature Reviews

Writing with sources, Harvard (VERY GOOD)
Scholars Before Researchers: On the Centrality of the Dissertation Literature Review in Research  David N. Boote and Penny Beile  - Educational Researcher, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 3?15 (USE Table 1 to rate your literature review)
Writing Literature Reviews, Toronto University
Writing a literature review Univeristy of Washington
Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing a literature review  J Webster, RT Watson - MIS Quarterly, 2002
How to structure literature reviews, Wisconsin University
Literature reviews, University of North Carolina
Introducing quotations into your writing University of Richmond
Incorporating quotations, University of Richmond
Creative Use of Sources by Heather Logan
THROUGH THE PARADIGM FUNNEL: A CONCEPTUAL TOOL FOR LITERATURE ANALYSIS. By: Berthon, Pierre; Nairn, Agnes; Money, Arthur. Marketing Education Review, Summer2003, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p55-66, 12p;  (VERY GOOD)
Writing Narrative Literature Reviews;  RF Baumeister, MR Leary -  Review of General Psychology 1997, Vol. 1, No. 3, 311-320
Analyzing the Past to Prepare for the Future: Writing a Literature Review.   MIS Quarterly, Jun2002, Vol. 26 Issue 2, pxiii-xxiii, 11p
Writing integrative literature reviews: Guidelines and examples  RJ Torraco - Human Resource Development Review
Writing a review article.  Bem, Daryl J. Psychological Bulletin. 1995 Sep; Vol 118(2): 172-177
PUBLISHING THEORY   RECOMMENDATIONS - Academy of Management Review, 2006


bulletWriting Conclusions Texas Tech




 Discovery and communication of important marketing findings: evidence and proposals.  Armstrong, Journal of Business Research  Volume 56, Issue 1 , January 2003, Pages 69-84


Qualifying the importance of findings John R. Rossiter - Journal of Business Research, 2003 -Volume 56, Issue 1 , January 2003, Pages 85-88


Its the Findings, Stupid, Not the Assumptions? Steve Shugan Marketing Science, 2007, Vol. 26, No. 4, 449-459

bullet .The Anna Karenina Bias:  Which Variables to Observe? Steve Shugan  Marketing Science, 2007, Vol. 26, No. 2, 145-148.
bullet Causality, Unintended Consequences and Deducing Shared Causes Marketing Science, 2007, Vol. 26, No. 6, 73174

Relevancy is Robust Prediction not Alleged Realism  Steve Shugan   Marketing Science.


Common errors in interpreting inferential statistics. Runyon, R. P., Haber, A., Pittenger, D. J., & Coleman, K. A., 1996,


Writing up- General advice

Writing Your Dissertation, University of North Carolina

Dissertation/thesis guide, Joseph Levine

Prewriting, Writing, and Revising, Gallaudet University 

A step-by-step list on what is needed, Purdue

Thoughts on the Structure of  Dissertations" by Spencer Rugaber

The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing, Michael Harvey

The Writing Process Web 

Use the right writing style, University of California Berkeley Links

Writing up, Purdue

Writing Up Research Projects, Purdue

Beyond Harvard-writing tools

Garbl's Writing  Resources, EXCELLENT site.

Organising Your Argument (powerpoint presentation)

Finding Your Focus: The Writing Process (powerpoint presentation)

How to Proofread and Edit Your Writing, Bemidji State University 

Preparing and evaluating research reports. Kazdin, Alan E.  Psychological Assessment. Vol 7(3) Sep 1995, 228-237.  (ovid online)


Citing and referencing


The Harvard System of Referencing and Citation bullet

Citing and Referencing bullet

Citation styles, Berkeley bullet

Avoiding Plagiarism, the Writing Place at Northwestern


Time management and procrastination

bulletHow to Overcome Procrastination, by Tara Kuther 
Time Management for University Students, York University
Techniques To Manage Procrastination
Seven Day Procrastination Plan
Overcoming Writer?s Block, Purdue

Research design and analysis

Research Design Explained, Mark L. Mitchell and Janina M. Jolley

Research Methods Knowledge Base, Bill Trochim, Cornell University EXCELLENT

Electronic statistics textbook Statsoft, A concise and very readable description of basic concepts and various univariate and multivariate statistical techniques

Research Methods Tutorials,  Bill Trochim's Centre for Social Research Methods, a very good site

Methods in Behavioral Research Paul Cozby

 Statistical procedures and the justification of knowledge in psychological science. Rosnow, R. L., and Rosenthal, R. (1989).American Psychologist, 44, 1276-1284.(DOWNLOAD FROM OVID JOURNALS)

 Hypothesis Testing, Theory Building, and the Philosophy of Science.  Serlin, Ronald C. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 34(4):365-371, October 1987.  [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

 The earth is round (p < .05). Cohen, Jacob American Psychologist. 1994 Dec Vol 49(12) 997-1003 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Statistical methods in psychology journals: Guidelines and explanations - L Wilkinson- American Psychologist, 1999 August 1999 Vol. 54, No. 8, 594-604 bullet 

 Case Studies


A Seminar on Qualitative Research by Donald Radcliff {VERY GOOD} bullet

Introduction to Case Study  by Winston Tellis  The Qualitative Report, Volume 3, Number 2,  1997 bullet

Building Theories from Case Study Research. By: Eisenhardt, Kathleen M.. Academy of Management Review, Oct89, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p532, 19p bullet

A Case in Case Study Methodology   Christine Benedichte Meyer Field Methods, Vol. 13, No. 4, 329-352 (2001) bullet

Case Study Research: The View From Complexity Science Ruth A. Anderson, Benjamin F. Crabtree, David J. Steele, and Reuben R. McDaniel, Jr. Qual Health Res, May 2005; 15: 669 - 685.

Qualitative methodology bullet

Philosophy of Science and the Quantitative-Qualitative Debates: Thirteen Common Errors Evaluation and Program Planning, 1995, Vol. 18 Issue: Number 1 p63-63, bullet

The Case for Qualitative Research. By: Morgan, Gareth; Smircich, Linda. Academy of Management Review, Oct80, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p491-500, 10p, 2 charts bullet

Classifying the Findings in Qualitative Studies Margarete Sandelowski and Julie Barroso Qual Health Res, Sep 2003; 13: 905 - 923. bullet

 "ASSESSING TRUSTWORTHINESS IN NATURALISTIC CONSUMER RESEARCH",  Melanie Wallendorf, Russell W. Belk (1989),in Special Volumes - icr, , : Association for Consumer Research, Pages: 69-84

The Great Interview: 25 Strategies for Studying People in Bed. By: Hermanowicz, Joseph C.. Qualitative Sociology, Winter2002, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p479, 21p;

Learning to Interview in the Social Sciences Kathryn Roulston; Kathleen deMarrais; Jamie B. Lewis; Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 9, No. 4, 643-668 (2003)

After the Interview. By: Warren, Carol A.B.; Barnes-Brus, Tori; Burgess, Heather; Wiebold-Lippisch, Lori; Hackney, Jennifer; Harkness, Geoffrey; Kennedy, Vickie; Dingwall, Robert; Rosenblatt, Paul C.; Ryen, Ann; Shuy, Roger. Qualitative Sociology, Spring2003, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p93, 18p

Analyzing Interview Data: The Development and Evolution of a Coding System. By: Weston, Cynthia; Gandell, Terry; Beauchamp, Jacinthe; McAlpine, Lynn; Wiseman, Carol; Beauchamp, Cathy. Qualitative Sociology, Sep2001, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p381, 20p

FOCUS GROUPS. By: Morgan, David L.. Annual Review of Sociology, 1996, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p129, 24p bullet

Validity in Qualitative Research by Robin Whittemore; Susan K. Chase; Carol Lynn Mandle Qualitative Health Research. 11 No. 4, July 2001 522-537 bullet

Quality and Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology. Morrow, Susan L Journal of Counseling Psychology. Special Issue: Knowledge in Context: Qualitative Methods in Counseling Psychology Research. 52(2):250-260, April 2005. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Analysis and interpretation of qualitative data in consumer research.   By: Spiggle, Susan. Journal of Consumer Research, Dec94, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p491, 13p, bullet

Empirical and Hermeneutic Approaches to Phenomenological Research in Psychology: A Comparison. Hein, Serge F. ; Austin, Wendy J. Psychological Methods. 6(1):3-17, March 2001. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Phenomenological Research Methods for Counseling Psychology. Wertz, Frederick J.  Journal of Counseling Psychology. Special Issue: Knowledge in Context: Qualitative Methods in Counseling Psychology Research. 52(2):167-177, April 2005. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology: A Primer on Research Paradigms and Philosophy of Science. Ponterotto, Joseph G. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Special Issue: Knowledge in Context: Qualitative Methods in Counseling Psychology Research. 52(2):126-136, April 2005 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Language and Meaning: Data Collection in Qualitative Research. Polkinghorne, Donald E. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Special Issue: Knowledge in Context: Qualitative Methods in Counseling Psychology Research. 52(2):137-145, April 2005. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Ideographic Concept Mapping in Counseling Psychology Research: Conceptual Overview, Methodology, and an Illustration. Goodyear, Rodney K. ; Tracey, Terence J. G.  Claiborn, Charles D. ; Lichtenberg, James W. ; Wampold, Bruce E. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Special Issue: Knowledge in Context: Qualitative Methods in Counseling Psychology Research. 52(2):236-242, April 2005 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Content analysis

The Content Analysis Guidebook Online, Kimberly Neuendorf bullet

Content-Analysis Research: An Examination of Applications with Directives for Improving Research Reliability and Objectivity. By: Kolbe, Richard H.; Burnett, Melissa S.. Journal of Consumer Research, Sep91, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p243, 8p, 4 bullet

Content Analysis in Consumer Research. By: Kassarjian, Harold H.. Journal of Consumer Research, Jun77, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p8-18, 11p;

 Developing Categories from Interview Data: Text Analysis and Multidimensional Scaling. Part 1.Jehn, K. A., & Doucet, L. (1996). Cultural Anthropology Methods Journal, 8(2), 15-16.

Developing Categories for Interview Data: Consequences of Different Coding and Analysis Strategies in Understanding Text: Part 2.Jehn, K. A., & Doucet, L. (1997).  Cultural Anthropology Methods Journal, 9(1), 1-7.

On the pragmatics of qualitative assessment: Designing the process for content analysis. By Schilling, JanEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment. Vol 22(1),2006, 28-37




Survey research. By: Krosnick, Jon A.. Annual Review of Psychology, 1999, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p537, 31p;

THEORIES AND METHODS OF TELEPHONE SURVEYS. By: Groves, R.M.. Annual Review of Sociology, 1990, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p221, 20p; bullet

THE DESIGN AND ADMINISTRATION OF MAIL SURVEYS. By: Dillman, D.A.. Annual Review of Sociology, 1991, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p225, 25p, bullet

HUMAN RESEARCH AND DATA COLLECTION VIA THE INTERNET. By: Birnbaum, Michael H.. Annual Review of Psychology, 2004, Vol. 55 Issue 1, p803-832, 30p,

WEB SURVEYS. By: Couper, Mick P.. Public Opinion Quarterly, Winter2000, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p464, 31p, bullet

SURVEY RESEARCH AND SOCIETAL CHANGE. By: Tourangeau, Roger. Annual Review of Psychology, 2004, Vol. 55 Issue 1, p775-801, 27p, 1 graph;

 Questionnaire construction Weisberg, H.F., Krosnick, J.A., and Bowen, B.D. 1996. bullet

THE SCIENCE OF ASKING QUESTIONS. By: Schaeffer, Nora Cate; Presser, Stanley. Annual Review of Sociology, 2003, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p65-88, 24p; bullet

Question Understanding Aid (QUAID); University of Memphis,  helps in identifying problems with the wording, syntax, and semantics of questions on questionnaires bullet

QUESTION UNDERSTANDING AID (QUAID): A WEB FACILITY THAT TESTS QUESTION COMPREHENSIBILITY. By: Graesser, Arthur C.; Cai, Zhiqiang; Louwerse, Max M.; Daniel, Frances. Public Opinion Quarterly, Spring2006, Vol. 70 Issue 1, p3-22, 20p

 Honest Answers to Embarrassing Questions: Detecting Cheating in the Randomized Response Model.  Clark, Stephen J. ; Desharnais, Robert A.  Psychological Methods. 3(2):160-168, June 1998  [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Biases in the interpretation and use of research results. By: MacCoun, Robert J.. Annual Review of Psychology, 1998, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p259, 29p;

Scientific and social significance of assessing individual differences: `Sinking shafts at a few.... By: Lubinski, David. Annual Review of Psychology, 2000, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p405, 40p

Attitude Strength: One Construct or Many Related Constructs? By: Krosnick, Jon A.; Berent, Matthew K.; Boninger, David S.; Yao C. Chuang; Carnot, Catherine G.. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, Dec93, Vol. 65 Issue 6, p1132-1151, 20p, 6

THE ESTIMATION OF CAUSAL EFFECTS FROM OBSERVATIONAL DATA. By: Winship, Christopher; Morgan, Stephen L.. Annual Review of Sociology, 1999, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p659, 48p

Principles and Procedures of Exploratory Data Analysis. Behrens, John T. Psychological Methods. 2(2):131-160, June 1997 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Sampling Procedures, Weisberg, H.F., Krosnick, J.A., and Bowen, B.D. 1996.

Amazon Mechanical Turk Guide for Social Scientists  (updated 1-18-12By Michael Buhrmester

A Guide to Conducting Behavioral Research on Amazon ’ s Mechanical Turk by Winter MasonSiddharth Suri Social Science Research Network (Volume: 1691163Pages: 1-23



Checking the Success of Manipulations in Marketing Experiments.   By: Perdue, Barbara C.; Summers, John O.. Journal of Marketing Research (JMR), Nov86, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p317-326

  Optimal Design in Psychological Research. McClelland, Gary H. Psychological Methods. 2(1):3-19, March 1997 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Power and Money: Designing Statistically Powerful Studies While Minimizing Financial Costs. Allison, David B.; Allison, Ronald L.; Faith, Myles S.; Paultre, Furcy; Pi-Sunyer, F Xavier  Psychological Methods. 2(1):20-33, March 1997 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Choosing an experimental design, NIST/SEMATECH e-Handbook of Statistical Methods,

 The Principle of Parallelism in the Design of Studies to Estimate Treatment Effects. Reichardt, Charles S.  Psychological Methods. 11(1):1-18, March 2006. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

On the Design of Choice Experiments Involving Multifactor Alternatives. By: Green, Paul E.. Journal of Consumer Research, Sep74, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p61, 8p, bullet

 Revisiting Field Experimentation: Field Notes for the Future. Shadish, William R. Psychological Methods. 7(1):3-18, March 2002. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Demand Artifacts in Laboratory Experiments in Consumer Research. By: Sawyer, Alan G.. Journal of Consumer Research, Mar75, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p20, 11p;

 Critical Appraisal of Demand Artifacts in Consumer Research. By: Shimp, Terence A.; Hyatt, Eva M.; Snyder, David J.. Journal of Consumer Research, Dec91, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p273, 11p, 3 charts

Assessing demand artifacts in consumer research: An alternative... By: Darley, William K.. Journal of Consumer Research, Dec93, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p489, 7p,

Measures of Independent Variables and Mediators Are Useful in Social Psychology Experiments: But Are They Necessary? By: Sigall, Harold; Mills, Judson. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 1998, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p218, 9p

In Defense of Experimental Consumer Psychology. By: Kardes, Frank R.. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 1996, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p279-296, 18p;

On the External Validity of Experiments in Consumer Research. By: Lynch Jr., John G.. Journal of Consumer Research, Dec82, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p225, 15p, 3 charts, 1 diagram

Evaluation methods for social intervention. By: Lipsey, Mark W.; Cordray, David S.. Annual Review of Psychology, 2000, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p345, 31p

Running Experiments on Amazon Mechanical Turk 2010  Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 5, No. 5, 411-419 

Using Mechanical Turk as a subject recruitment tool for experimental research AJ BerinskyGA HuberGS Lenz

 Instructional Manipulation Checks: Detecting Satisficing to Increase Statistical Power 2009  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 45, pp. 867-872, 2009 




The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research RM Baron, DA Kenny - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 51, No. 6, 1173-1182

Testing Moderator and Mediator Effects in Counseling Psychology Research. Frazier, Patricia A. ; Tix, Andrew P; Barron, Kenneth E. T Journal of Counseling Psychology. 51(1):115-134, January 2004 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Mediation in Experimental and Nonexperimental Studies: New Procedures and Recommendations. Shrout, Patrick E. ; Bolger, Niall  Psychological Methods. 7(4):422-445, December 2002 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

 A Comparison of Methods to Test Mediation and Other Intervening Variable Effects. MacKinnon, David P. ; Lockwood, Chondra M. ; Hoffman, Jeanne M. ; West, Stephen G. ; Sheets, Virgil.  Psychological Methods. 7(1):83-104, March 2002 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

 Estimating and Testing Mediation and Moderation in Within-Subject Designs. Judd, Charles M.  Kenny, David A. ; McClelland, Gary H. Psychological Methods. 6(2):115-134, June 2001 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]



Scale Construction.  Dawis, Rene V.  Journal of Counseling Psychology. 34(4):481-489, October 1987. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

The Problem of Measurement Model Misspecification in Behavioral and Organizational Research and Some Recommended Solutions. MacKenzie, Scott B; Podsakoff, Philip M; Jarvis, Cheryl Burke.  Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol 90(4) Jul 2005, 710-730 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Constructing Validity: Basic Issues in Objective Scale Development. Clark, Lee Anna  Watson, David   Psychological Assessment. 7(3):309-319, September 1995.  [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Methodological considerations in the refinement of clinical assessment instruments. Smith, G. T., & McCarthy, D. M. (1995).  Psychological Assessment, 7, 300-308. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

 Beyond Alpha: An Empirical Examination of the Effects of Different Sources of Measurement Error on Reliability Estimates for Measures of Individual Differences Constructs.  Schmidt, Frank L. ; Le, Huy  Ilies, Remus Psychological Methods. 8(2):206-224, June 2003  [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Uses and abuses of coefficient alpha. Schmitt, Neal, Psychological Assessment. 1996 Dec Vol 8(4) 350-353 (DOWNLOAD FROM OVID JOURNALS) bullet

  On the Nature and Direction of Relationships Between Constructs and Measures.  Edwards, Jeffrey R. ; Bagozzi, Richard P. Psychological Methods. 5(2):155-174, June 2000 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

 On Selecting Indicators for Multivariate Measurement and Modeling With Latent Variables: When "Good" Indicators Are Bad and "Bad" Indicators Are Good. Little, Todd D. ; Lindenberger, Ulman ; Nesselroade, John R.  Psychological Methods. 4(2):192-211, June 1999  [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

Conventional wisdom on measurement: A structural equation perspective. Bollen, K. A., & Lennox, R. 1991. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 305-314. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

The use of causal indicators in covariance structure models: Some practical issues. MacCallum, R. C., & Browne, M. W. (1993).  Psychological Bulletin, 114, 533-541 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

 The Dangers of Poor Construct ConceptualizationMacKenzie, Scott B. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science. Vol 31(3) Sum 2003, 323-326. bullet

Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Podsakoff, Philip M; MacKenzie, Scott B; Lee, Jeong-Yeon; Podsakoff, Nathan P  Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol 88(5) Oct 2003, 879-903 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text] bullet

 Multidimensional constructs in structural equation analysis: An illustration using the job perception and job satisfaction constructs.  Law, K. S., & Wong, C. S. (1999).Journal of Management, 25, 143-160.

How should multifaceted personality constructs be tested? Issues illustrated by self-monitoring, attributional style, and hardiness. Carver, C. S. (1989).  Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 56, 577-585.

 Content validity in psychological assessment. A functional approach to concepts and methods. Haynes, S. N., Richard, D. C. S., & Kubany, E. S. (1995). Psychological Assessment, 7, 238-247 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Improving Construct Measurement In Management Research: Comments and A Quantitative Approach for Assessing the Theoretical Content Adequacy of Paper-and-Pencil Survey-Type Instruments. By: Schriesheim, Chester A.; Powers, Kathleen J.; Scandura, Terri A.; Gardiner, Claudia C.; Lankau, Melenie J.. Journal of Management, Summer93, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p385,


Rater Bias in Psychological Research: When Is It a Problem and What Can We Do About It?. Hoyt, William T Psychological Methods. 5(1):64-86, March 2000 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Statistical Methods for Rater Agreement, John Uebersax

Practical Resources for Assessing and Reporting Intercoder Reliability in Content Analysis Research Projects Matthew Lombard, Jennifer Snyder-Duch, Cheryl Campanella Bracken bullet

Intercoder reliability estimation approaches in marketing:... By: Hughes, Marie Adele; Garrett, Dennis E.. Journal of Marketing Research (JMR), May90, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p185, 11p


Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Models

bullet Evaluating the Use of Exploratory Factor Analysis in Psychological Research. Fabrigar, Leandre R. ; Wegener, Duane T. ; MacCallum, Robert C.  Strahan, Erin J. Psychological Methods. 4(3):272-299, September 1999. [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]
Factor Analytic Models: Viewing the Structure of an Assessment Instrument From Three Perspectives. By: Byrne, Barbara M.. Journal of Personality Assessment, Aug2005, Vol. 85 Issue
Principles and Practice in Reporting Structural Equation Analyses. McDonald, Roderick P. ; Ringo Ho, Moon-Ho  Psychological Methods. 7(1):64-82, March 2002 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]
 Factor analysis in the development and refinement of clinical assessment instruments. Floyd, F., & Widaman, K. F. (1995). Psychological Assessment, 7, 286-299 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]

Other Methods

bullet Social Network Analysis: A New Methodology for Counseling Research.  Koehly, Laura M.  Shivy, Victoria A. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 45(1):3-17, January 1998 [Click Journals@Ovid Full Text]





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